Chylothorax

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Lymph is generated in the interstitium and carried in lymphatic vessels in a unidirectional flow, joining the venous system near the junction of the left internal jugular and the left …

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Oxygen therapy

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We should attempt to maintain normoxemic oxygenation in order to prevent hypoxic injury (mainly in the cerebral tissue). On the other hand, oxygen should be carefully titrated to newborns, especially …

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Apnea

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Apneas represent another important group of respiratory/ventilation dysfunctions in newborns (apart from perinatal asphyxia and respiratory distress syndrome). They are generally defined as a cessation of breathing movements and air …

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Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

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Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) = chronic lung disease (CLD) of newborns that is associated with acute respiratory failure (various origins) and mechanical ventilation (“old” BPD). BPD can be also present in …

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Respiratory distress syndrome

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Successful postnatal adaptation depends mainly on 2 factors: Spontaneous breathing (water in lungs resorbed into blood/lymphatic vessels = gas exchange = increased pO₂ = pulmonary vasodilation = circulation changes see …

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