Disorders of sex development

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Disorders of sex development (DSD) were previously called intersex, incidence is approximately 1:5000 of live births. DSD encompass inadequate production of sex hormones, inappropriate hormonal functioning and gonad developmental anomalies. …

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Newborn screening

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Screening test is conducted in newborns to allow for early detection of any congenital disorders or abnormalities that are curable and can lead to irreversible impairment/damage if undiagnosed or untreated. …

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Retinopathy of prematurity

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Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vasoproliferative disorder (fibrovascular proliferation) of developing retina in preterm infants. It is characterised by disorganized growth of abnormal new blood vessels (=> hemorrhage) and …

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Prematurity

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Preterm birth is defined as any birth before 37 completed weeks of gestation (37+0). It has been estimated to account for up to 10 % of all births. Preterm birth …

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Resuscitation

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Perinatal asphyxia remains one of the most common indications for postnatal resuscitation. The necessary prerequisites for successful resuscitation are properly equipped rooms (delivery suite, neonatal wards with the right and …

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Definitions

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Newborn is categorised based on Birth weight (BW), Gestational age (GA) and their relationship:Gestational age• preterm newborns (< 37+0)• term newborn (37+0 to 41+6)• postterm newborn (> 41+6) Birth weight• …

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Neonatal Examination

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The goal of initial care after delivery is to ensure optimal conditions for postnatal adaptation and perform initial neonatal examination: bonding (mother – newborn) => important for lactation and neurodevelopment …

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